Sydney, spectacularly nestled around its splendid harbor and beaches, is the capital of New South Wales and one of Australia's oldest and largest cities. Known for its harbor front Sydney Opera House and Harbor Bridge, Sydney is home to iconic beaches, amazing heritage sites, and wine regions and is, thus, the most visited city of Australia.
Every city has a unique aura that surrounds it. Being the oldest city of Australia, Sydney houses the country’s fabled history, with narrow cobbled streets and historic buildings of the Rocks, museums, Sydney Opera House, Sydney Harbor, Royal Botanic Garden, Government House to name a few.
History of Australia
In January 1788, the first fleet of British ships arrived at Botany Bay to establish the first colony on the Australian mainland.
At that time, there were up to a million Aboriginal people in about 500 different clans and spoke about 700 languages. Each clan was studied to have a spiritual connection with their land but traveled widely to trade.
There are many opportunities to explore Australia’s Indigenous culture and thousands of people travel every year to the harbor city of Australia through Dream World Travel Discounted Flights to see the amazing historical sites and to learn about the Gadigal aboriginal people, who have the oldest continuous culture on Earth.
We have listed down some of the top historical sites and heritage locations that you need to visit on your next trip to Australia.
Susannah Place Museum
The living museum offers an insight into what the budding city was like in the early days of British colonization. Susannah Place, a set of three cottages and terraces, was built in the 1840s by Irish immigrants.
The history museum of Cadmans Cottage was built in 1816 out of sandstone to house British coxswains. It is, without doubt, Sydney’s oldest surviving residential building which has been protected as a heritage site since 1972.
Saint Mary’s Cathedral
Modeled after Notre Dame, the Gothic Revival cathedral has a gorgeous terrazzo-tiled floor in the crypt and stained glass windows that depict the budding days of Catholicism and is a sight to see.
Located on the east of the Sydney Harbor Bridge, Kirribilli Point is home to Australia's governor-general and Prime Minister.
Kirribilli House, also Gothic Revival style, was built in 1846 and where the PM rests whereas the Admirality House was built in 1846 where the Governor General rests.
Sydney Opera House
Sydney Opera House is the star attraction on the glittering harbor and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The magnificent building is shaped like shells or billowing sails and is surrounded by water. You can take a picture of the breathtakingly beautiful structure while gliding by on a harbor cruise or take a tour of the building which will cover the theaters, studios, exhibition rooms, a concert hall, and cinema.
The Government House was home to the Governor of New South Wales His Excellency General the Honorable David Hurley and Mrs. Linda Hurley till 1996, after which it became a part of the historic houses trust.
The building is a perfect example of Gothic Revival architecture in Sydney with the collection of 19th and 20th-century furniture and grants splendid views over the Harbor and Botanic Gardens, which also includes the garden of the Government House.
Cockatoo Island is the largest island in the harbor and lies on the other side of the Sydney Harbor Bridge. The history behind the island is how it was used as a convict penal establishment between 1839 and 1869. In 1991, it became one of Australia’s biggest shipyards.
Elizabeth Bay House
Elizabeth Bay House is a mid-19th-century style Greek revival villa which is best known for its domed circular staircase. It was considered the finest building in New South Wales and was an accurate portrayal of upper-class society in Colonial Australia.
The Lord Nelson Brewery Hotel
The hotel is Sydney’s oldest licensed hotel that continues to serve since 1841. It was converted from a home into a three-story sandstone hostel by a plasterer named William Wells.
Hyde Park Barracks
Located in the middle of the inner city, Hyde Park Barracks first served as a spartan accommodation for convicts, then as an immigration depot for female settlers, and then, finally as courtrooms and government offices.
Today, Hyde Park Barracks is on the UNESCO World Heritage list, boosting its cultural history.
Ebenezer Church is the oldest surviving church in Australia, which was established by the local Protestant community in 1809. In the convict colony, it also served as a pioneer of education. Today, you can take a tour of its cemetery and churchyard that’s attached to the church.
Elizabeth Farm was home to Elizabeth and John Macarthur, pioneers of the Australian wool industry. Today, the Australian colonial homestead is accessible to visitors to have a glimpse of the life of the early colony.